The joint commitee formed by YKP and ADISOK to work on the Cyprus
problem met for the third time in the offices of YKP in Nicosia and
continued their discussion on the subjects of:
1. Constitutional aspects of the Cyprus Problem.
2. Presence of foreign troops and guarantees.
3. Refugees, settlers, three freedoms and territorial aspects.
The two parties also examined the recent developments and express their appreciation for the efforts of the UN General Secretary and the UN Security Council. In particular, they examined the latest report of the UN Secretary General, which they consider as constructive and regret that the Turkish side failed to submit as yet the long awaited constructive proposals on the territorial and refugee aspects , in order to enable the two communities to conclude an outline argeement.
During their deliberations the two parties agreed on the following points:
1. Constitutional Aspects:
a. The Cyprus Republic will be a bi-zonal, bi-communal Federal state where G/C and T/C shall have the majority in their respective regions. They consider also that the union of Cyprus with any other state, the annexation and cessation should be prohibited.
b. The two parties, having considered the advantages of Parliamentary and Presidential systems of democratic government, believe that a Parliamentary system could offer a better solution in Cyprus. Nevertheless, considering that the discussions between the two communities have been proceeding along the lines of preditential system and they have reached a stage at which an agreement is possible, the two parties support such a system provided proper parliamentary and judicial checks and balances are provided in order to ensure the democratic functioning of the State.
c. In order that democracy is ensured and strenghened the two parties believe that:
i. There should be no executive action where there is no law.
ii. The ministers should be approved by the parliament.
iii. There will be pernament parliamentary commitees to control the police, secret services and army.
iv. The constitution should require that laws be passed to safeguard basic human rights like freedom of information, free access to television and radio, democratic education etc.
v. Discrimination of any kind, based on race, religion, sex, etc should be made illegal.
d. Proceeding from the points already agreed by the two communities in the past the two parties believe that an agreement is possible that will give the opportunity to the Cypriots to build a common country. In order that the functioning of the agreement brings the two communities closer the following measures are proposed:
i. The President of the Federal Republic is freely elected by all the Cypriots on the basis of one man one vote. The Vice-President is also elected by all Cypriots but should come from the other community using a wrighted voting system.
ii. The President and vice-President jointly and in agreement will appoint the council of ministers.
iii.The council of ministers will consist of ministers from both communities in the ratio of 7:3 , unless agreed otherwise. Having in mind that if the president is from one community, the Foreign Minister will be from the other.
iv.Decisions will be taken by the Council of Ministers on a simple majority basis. However, both the president and the vice-President will have the right to refer any decision to Parliament.
v. Parliament will consist of two chambers; the lower chamber will consist of 7:3 ratio of deputies from the two communities while the upper chamber will be subject to equal representation. The members of the chambers will be directly elected by the two communities respectively. The electral system must be one of simple proportional representaiton.
vi.An appropriate mechanism should be set up in order to resolve any deadlocks that may arise in the functioning of the legislative aswell as executive powers.
e. The two parties agree that the federal government should have adequate powers in order to safeguard the unity and territorial integrity of Cyprus, ensure the protection of human rights and promote the balanced development of the island.
The following powers and functions shall reside in the federal goverment of Cyprus:
i. Foreign Policy
iv. Federal Judiciary
v. Financial and Monetary Policy
vi. Independent Central Bank.
vii. Environment and National Resources
viii. Health and Veterinary Services
ix. International trade , transportation and tourism
x. Higher Education
xi. Post and telecommunications
xiii. Appointment of Federal Officers
xiv. Custams and excise
xv. Federal Police
Considering federal justice, the two communities have already reached an agreement which is endorsed by both parties.
Powers and functions beyond those mentioned above may also be assumed by federal government upon joint agreement of the two communities.
2. Guarantees and Presence of Foreign Troops:
a. Guarantees by foreign powers are not neccessary in principle and should not be required to ensure the working of the Cypriot state. Past experience has shown that guarantor powers look mainly after their own interests and not the interests of the Cypriot people.
b. best guarantee for the smooth working of the Federal Cyprus is the restoration of mutual confidence between the two communities and the establishment of good relations between them. This will be helped by the drafting of a workable constitution which will be accepted freely by the two communities.
c. However the question of guarantees has become a vital issue of an agreement for both the Turkish and Greek community and Cyprus as a whole. Therefore the question of guarantees is a metter to resolve and this should not be allowed to hinder the progress towards a solution. Discussion on guarantees should be postponed until all other matters have been solved. An agreement on all other aspects of the Cyprus problem will facilitate an agreement on the question of guarantees.
d. The presence of foreign troops should not be allowed in any solution of the Cyprus problem. However, the two parties may not object the presence of Greek and Turkiswh contingents which should not exceed the numbers agreed upon in the 1960 Agreement (900 and 650 respectively) provided that these troops mush withdraw when two communities , jointly, ask for their removal.
e. The two parties aim at the demilitarization of Cyprus.
3. Refugees , settlers, three freedoms and territorial aspects:
a. The two parties recognise the right of all refugees to return to their homes, subject to the provisions of the High Level Agreements. For those refugees that do not wish to return, their property rights should be legally recognised.
b. The two parties consider the citizenship of settlers as void and oppose the change of the demographic character of Cyprus.
c. The citizens of the federal Republic of Cyprus should enjoy all human rights without restriction, including three freedoms as follows:
i. Freedom of movement should be immediately implemented right after an agreement.
ii. Freedom of settlement should be implemented taking into account possible concerns of the two communities as provided by the High Level Agreements.
iii. Freedom of ownership should not be restricted. Regulative measures could be considered so that no community will economically dominate the other.
d. the territory of the Federal Republic will consist of two regions, one with a G/C and the other with a T/C majority. A maximum amount of territory should be returned to the G/C in order to ensure that a large number of refugees return under G/C administration. At the same time the region under the T/C administration should be such as to secure viability and joint accomodation of the G/C and T/C.
The two pareties consider the possibility of creating federal territorial areas in order to bridge differences concerning sensitive regions on the one hand, and the percentage to be agreed must be examined.
The two parties agree to continue the work towards common position on the Cyprus problem and develop further and in more detail the guidelines given in this statenent. They express their wish that the dialogue between the two communities will bring about an agreement taht will make possible a new start in the relations between them and ensure peace friendship and prosperity in the island.
Alpay Durduran (President of YKP)
Michalis Papapetrou (Vice-president of ADISOK)